How Does an Electric Bike Work?

Electric bicycles; the magic bicycles:

Imagine a bicycle, which is more than Regular Bikes- which can give you extra enjoyment, a long way riding without meant to sweat from your forehead. Imagine such a bicycle which is more than easier, which can boost your energy, can help you to cross any obstacle.

Imagine a more advantageous level, riding 180 miles simply crossing 10 minutes. Imagine a cycle that features a high level of convenience, that is agile and lighter.

Now stop all your imaginations and makes your dreams true. Yes, we are talking about an Electric Bicycle.

An electric bicycle also could be a pedal-assist cycle, (not going to stop your pedaling manually). The main difference between a Normal Bike with an Electric Bike is, Ebike has an Electric Motor, an Electric Battery with a Torque Sensor. This sensor can measure the level of required pushing on the pedal and then can set the level of power (either low or high).

The Maximum Power Output of an Electric bike usually depends on the Electric Bike Motors and Electric Bike Battery. In the case of Traditional bikes, the maximum power depends on the manual pedaling but for the electric power bike-the, additional power comes from the electric motor.

Whatever the Electric Road Bike or the Pedal Assist Bikes, the Level of Assistance directly comes from the electric motor.

For the Pedal Assist Bikes, besides the manual pedaling you will get an added booster power on your pedal so that you can ride a long way very quickly.  In our new generation, these pedal-assist cycles are often termed the “Magic Cycle”. My little nephew calls his e-bike on a different name, that is Superman!

However, whatever you wish to address this e-bike, you can. Generally, these types of cycles are sort of Doing More with Pushing Less!

How Does an Electric Bike Work?

Interestingly, hearing the name of an electric bike create an image of a motorcycle or motorbikes to most peoples. The fact is, e-bikes are not so different from push bicycles. If we add a few extra components to a push bicycle, it will make an e-bike. These extra components are-

  • An Electric Motor and the Sensor
  • The Battery
  • The Electric Display

The electric bike is also run by the pedal. When the user moves the pedals, the motor starts to works. Ultimately this allows the rider to work easily with more energy on the pedal.

Anyway, if you are intending to purchase an electric bike, the first thing you will be happy to know is that you have to control the pedal and the handle of your e-bike same as a normal bicycle.

The electric bike also used the same parts as a normal bicycle additionally with some added components.  The electric components are added here, not to make the human power idle, hence this electric power will augment the manual power and then boost the energy to smoothly ride on any obstacles.

How Does an Electric Bike Work

However, let stop all ado’s and come to the point questions, how do E-Bikes Work?

The electric motor is the A to Z answer of our today’s question. Once you pedal on your e-bike, the electric motor added here automatically starts to switch on. Here two types of motors can work to boost the pedal power, the Crank motor, and the Rear Hub motor. Depending on the terrain type, users can choose the Type of Motor for their E-Bike.

Both these motors are featuring some advantages and disadvantages. However, if we talk about the Crank motor, it provides more authentic power. Users can enjoy more power on their legs. It is due to the presence of the torque sensor with this motor.

And as already we said that this sensor can sense the hardness of your pedal, so ultimately it can provide you with more. Undoubtedly crank motors are best than hub motors.

However, let’s come to know about the Wheel Hub Motors. These motors feature a simple design but it is long-lasting. These motors can’t measure the power generated by your leg. As they present at the rear wheel, so the response to changing punctures (make it difficult) and make the bike handle easier than a regular one.

As both these motors are bearing pros and cons, a recent practice now focuses on a MID-Drive system as a better option.

Components Of An Electric Bike:

Display of an E-Bike:

Unlike a regular push bicycle, an electric bike features an updated Display panel which provides some important info relating to a ride. Though all this info could vary according to the bike’s brand common of these info’s are- Battery Level, Riding Speed, Distance the user has a ride, Trip Distance, Assistance Modes, etc.

Display of an E-Bike

If any user chooses an advanced level e-bike, some additional info he or she can enjoy on the Display board presence in the electric bikes; Fitness Tracking, Sat Navigation or GPS Tracking and so on.

The Battery of an E-Bike:

The battery of the e-bike runs its motor. Users can easily charge this battery; just need to plug it into the charger (like a mobile charger). However, for user convenience, the e-bike battery only needs approx. 3 to 4 hours to fully charge.

The Battery of an E-Bike

The motor of an E-Bike:

Yes, the motor is the heart of the e-bike. It’s the main controller who assists the pedal on this bike. According to how hard your cycle’s pedal is, the more assistance you will get from this motor. So the motor’s activity is depending on the pedal hardness.

The harder the pedal, the more power will arise from the motor to assist booster riding. You can describe the motor’s activity by other means as well, the motor controls the sensor torque. The more sensor on the torque, the more power from the motor will work on the pedal.

Let’s Know: How Do Ebike Motors Work?

The motor of an E-Bike

E-bikes are the modification of the Push Bike Cycle:

Finally, let’s wrap up today’s discussion. All e-bikes are made with some added components on a Conventional Bike. Therefore, the key to successful e-bike riding is –all these added components need to work all together to make the Electric Bike System very smooth. Combination of the Battery, Motor with the Display panel-make this bike more than the regular push cycle.

Unlike the Non-Electric Bike, the battery is the power generator of an E-Bike, which provides power to the motor.

The motor provides power to the pedal which allows the rider to smoothly cross over any hills, or a long ride. Both the Motor Power and the Battery Power provide Lots of Power combinedly to an E-bike which make it is different from a traditional bicycle.

Finally, the display panel is another important subject, offers all assistance, show details about your rides, powers even sometimes your fitness status for a smooth, enjoyable and successful e-bike riding.

So, that is all bout on today’s discussion. Hope you have enjoyed our writing on-how does an electric bike works. If you have any related suggestions, please do not feel shy to share in our comment box.

Thank you.

Rudy Johnson

Rudy Johnson is the owner and main author of this site, BikeGlossary. Basically, he’s an engineer and researcher. He has Electrical and Electronics Engineering(EEE) degree in his bachelor's and master's. Besides, he also does product research on different electronics and electric products to share different findings with people. Rudy has a team consisting of 3 members who are also closely working with him.
View All Articles